Jamestown, Virginia, was the first permanent English settlement in North America. One hundred people from England got on large wooden boats. They endured the long journey across the Atlantic Ocean and started a new home in a place they had never seen before.
It was a difficult process from the very beginning. The boat ride across the ocean could take anywhere from six weeks to three months. It was easy for people and animals to get sick on these long journeys.
When they arrived in North America, the settlers had to build a community out of nothing. They struggled to grow crops, so for the first few years, the little community faced famine and disease.
They also fought with the local Native American tribes. It took years of hard work and struggling for Jamestown to survive. It is significant that these colonists were able to keep the community alive because it was the start of the 13 colonies that would become America.
•Jamestown was founded May 14, 1607.
•The town was founded on the banks of the James River.
•A second group of settlers and supplies came in 1610.
•It was the capital of the Virginia colony until 1699.
•Not every attempt at founding a colony was successful.
•The colonists came over on three ships: the “Susan Constant,” the “Godspeed” and the “Discovery.”
•They landed in Chesapeake Bay then started searching for a place to settle.
•Jamestown was also called James Forte and James City.
•Starting a colony was expensive and difficult.
•England and the colonists were looking for wealth and power in the New World.
•They were also competing with Spain, which was also sending colonists to the New World.
•The colony started to thrive after they set up trade with the local tribes.
•The relationship was complicated, but the settlers would not have survived without the Native Americans.