The first people to live on the Japanese islands traveled from the Asian continent between 30,000 and 10,000 years ago. There were land bridges between Siberia and Korea that let people travel by foot. The first society in Japan started 12,000 years ago, and they were called the Jomon. The first emperor of Japan was Jimmu Tenno, who ruled in 660 B.C. Japan was ruled by emperors for centuries. Japan has a long and interesting history that can be divided into distinct periods. These periods are defined by the rulers, the art and the philosophy of the time. One of the most well-known periods in Japan is the Kamakura period, which happened from 1192-1333 AD. This is an important period because it marked the end of Japan’s emperors. This period featured a military-based government run by shoguns and their samurai warriors. Shogun was at first the highest honor that could be given to a warrior, but it became a title that acted more like a local chief. A shogun would be in charge of a small area and have samurai warriors that served underneath him.
• The capital of Japan is Tokyo.
• The money is called the Japanese yen.
• It is 234,776 square miles.
• It is a little smaller than California.
• The official language is Japanese.
• Japan is an archipelago, which means that it is a string of islands.
• The four main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu.
• There are 4,000 smaller islands.
• Honshu is known for being covered in mountains called the Japanese Alps.
• The tallest mountain in Japan, which is also a volcano, is Mount Fuji.
• The population of Japan is 126,168,156.
• Most of the population lives in cities.