Wildville October 2017

Aside from humans, macaques are the most common primates in the world. The name macaque refers to a large group of monkeys. There are at least 21 species around the world, and at least nine species of macaques live just in India. These monkeys are specifically referred to as “Old World Monkeys.” There are 78 species in this group. It includes baboons, mangabeys, mandrills, guenons, patas monkeys and macaques. The macaques are the most successful of these monkeys. They live all over the world in a wide range of environments like grasslands, forests and mountains.

  • In India, there are Rhesus macaques, bonnet macaques, Assam macaques, Arunachal macaques, stump-tailed macaques, lion-tailed macaques, pig-tailed macaques and the white-cheeked macaque.
  • The white-cheeked macaque is a newly discovered species in India.
  • It has distinct white whiskers.
  • Many species of macaques are omnivores. They eat fruits, nuts, leaves, roots, bark, seeds, flowers and small invertebrates.
  • Their diet depends on what is available in their habitat.
  • The Rhesus monkey is one of the most famous and widespread species of macaques.
  • They have light brown fur and pink faces.
  • They have cheek pouches to store food.
  • They live around 25 years.
  • These are very social monkeys. They live in large groups.
  • Most groups have around 20 members, but they can be as large as 120.
  • A group of monkeys is called a troop.
  • They are found in Asia, Africa and Europe.
  • Most are the size of a medium to large dog.
    Rhesus Monkeys are unique because they are known for living in urban areas. These monkeys have learned how to live alongside humans. They rely on handouts and garbage to survive in many cities. In India, these large troops of monkeys in cities or temples have become tourist attractions. Although taking a picture with a monkey on your shoulder is fun, the monkeys are known for being mischievous. They often bite and steal from tourists.

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